A dog is a man’s best friend. However, just like us, dogs can become aggressive if not treated properly. According to dog bite statistics, more than 4 million dog bites occur in the US every year.
But before these statistics make you condemn a breed for being vicious or judge an owner for raising a beast, ask yourself one simple question: “Why do dogs bite?”
Let’s take a look at some of the essential statistics.
What Are the Top 10 Eye-Opening Dog Bite Statistics
- There were over 90 million dogs in the US in 2019/2020.
- There’s a 1 in 112,400 chance of dying from a dog bite or attack.
- Over 70% of all dog bites occur because the dog is not neutered.
- There were 38 dog bite-related fatalities in the US in 2018.
- Pit Bull bites statistics show the breed was responsible for 26 fatalities in 2018.
- Dogs attacked 5,803 postal employees in 2019.
- It’s estimated that 81% of dog bite injuries don’t require medical care.
- Pit Bulls have an 86.7% temperament passing rate.
- There was a 300% increase in dog attacks during the Covid-19 pandemic.
- Rabies isn’t a problem in areas where 70% of dogs are vaccinated.
If you want to know more about Pit Bull attack statistics, which dog breeds are more aggressive than others or how to stop a dog from biting, keep reading.
We’ll tell you what you can do if you find yourself in this situation. You’ll also find out more about the most aggressive dog breeds and what their owners can do about it.
National Dog Bite Statistics
A dog won’t bite you for no reason. Several triggers may spark this behavior. Namely, dogs usually bite if they are in danger, scared, or stressed.
What makes a dog bite, facts reveal, is usually the need to protect their puppies, owners, or themselves. It’s their way of protecting their loved ones.
1. There were over 90 million dogs in the US in 2019/2020.
(The Washington Post, HSUS, AVMA)
The data on recent dog attacks from 2020 shows these dogs were divided among 84.9 million pet-owning households. This means that 50% of the overall households in the US had a pet dog. This number suggests a higher incidence of bites.
The AVMA’s dog bite statistics from 2020 show that the animals bite mainly because of their personal history and behavior. Dogs that were abused or maltreated in animal shelters may be traumatized, which causes them to attack.
2. Dogs bite around 4.5 million people every year, dog attack statistics for the US reveal.
The Center for Disease Control (CDC) regularly studies dog bites and attacks in America. They reveal that only 800,000 of all dog bites need medical attention.
As CDC dog bite statistics report, as of 2019, the US population has exceeded 328 million, which means that dogs bite one in every 73 people.
3. There’s a 1 in 112,400 chance of dying from a dog bite or attack.
If these numbers don’t seem low enough, let’s put things into perspective. You have no reason for fear. As dog bite statistics from 2019 show, you have more chances of dying:
- in a cataclysmic storm — one in 66,335
- from a bee, wasp, or hornet sting — 63,225
- in transportation incidents — one in 9,821, and
- from firearm discharges — one in 6,905.
And if that didn’t calm you down, we have more surprising statistics coming your way. If you’re still afraid of dogs, these dog bite statistics for 2021 will ease your mind.
Namely, you are much more likely to die from choking on food or heart disease and cancer (one in 3,461 and one in seven, respectively), than from a dog bite!
4. Over 70% of all dog bites occur because the dog is not neutered.
This number was much higher in 2006 when 97% of dog bites happened because people were unaware that neutering reduces aggression in male dogs.
According to the US dog bite statistics, an unneutered male dog is 2.6 times more likely to bite than a neutered one. Heredity, sex, and reproductive status of a dog are just a few essential factors in determining whether the dog will be aggressive or not.
5. It’s estimated that 78% of dogs are kept for guarding, fighting, breeding, or image enhancement.
Unfortunately, many people keep dogs only for safety reasons, breeding, and sale. The CDC dog bite statistics for 2020 have revealed that chained and tethered dogs are 2.8 times more likely to bite or attack.
A lot of dogs live in unsuitable conditions. They are bred in inhumane puppy mills, where they are often neglected and abused. Furthermore, statistics also show Pit Bulls are among the most abused dogs in the world.
6. Dogs attacked 5,803 postal employees in 2019.
(MKP Law Group)
The non-fatal dog bite statistics by breed reveal that those bites aren’t connected to any breed in particular. The data also shows Houston and Los Angeles had the highest number of such incidents with 85 and 74 annual attacks, respectively.
7. There were 38 dog bite-related fatalities in the US in 2018.
(National Canine Research Council)
According to the CDC’s fatal dog attack statistics, there were 38 dog bite-related fatalities in the US for 2018. In retrospect, there were 62,399 unintentional poisoning fatalities.
- 37,991 unintentional motor vehicle traffic fatalities, and
- 37,455 unintentional fatalities from falls.
8. Homeowners’ insurers paid $797 million in dog bite and dog injury-related liability claims in 2019.
The homeowners’ insurance data reveals that the number of dog bite liability claims increased by 2.9% in just one year — from 17,297 in 2018 to 17,802 in 2019.
Conversely, the dog bite insurance statistics show that the cost per claim increased by 14.7% in just one year. Namely, in 2019, it was $44.760, while in 2018, it was $39,017.
9. It’s estimated that 81% of dog bite injuries don’t require medical care.
In the vast majority of cases, dog bites cause only minor injuries or no injuries at all. Dog bite facts also show that most of the injuries are so small that there’s no need for medical attention.
10. There was a 300% increase in dog attacks during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Statistics estimate there was a 300% increase in dog attacks per 1,000 emergency room visits. The data shows that dog bites, especially in children, have surged during social distancing.
Spending more time at home has resulted in increased stress levels in humans, but in dogs, too.
Dog Bite Statistics By Breed
As mentioned, Pit Bulls are the most abused breed in the world. They’re also the least wanted dogs in shelters. All because of people’s stigma on dog breeds and aggression.
Dog breed bite statistics show breed isn’t a deciding factor in dog bites. Let’s discover more!
11. There were 46 dog attack fatalities in 2019. Pit Bulls Were responsible for 33 of them.
(Forbes, Animals 24-7)
Since the mid-90s, the CDC has been studying various dog breeds, their temperament, and situations that urge them to attack.
The CDC dog bite statistics by breed revealed that Pit Bulls were involved in most of the accidents and injuries. The Pit Bull is arguably one of the most aggressive dogs there is. They’re responsible for close to 300 deaths.
However, it’s important to note that this is due to them being a popular breed that is specifically trained by the owners to be aggressive rather than the breed itself having an aggressive temperament.
12. Pit bull bites statistics show the breed was responsible for 26 fatalities in 2018.
As we have mentioned, there were 36 dog-related deaths in the US in 2018. Pit Bulls are responsible for 72% of them, even though they make up for only 7% of the dog population in the US, as Pit Bull attacks vs other breeds statistics reveal.
However, Pit Bulls are not the type of dogs that would bite anyone for no reason at all. Regardless of the dog breeds bite statistics reveal that it’s the vicious owners who are responsible for their dogs’ aggression, as many of them have criminal records.
13. Pit Bulls have an 86.7% temperament passing rate.
People see Pit Bulls as the world’s most vicious dogs because some owners use them for fights. However, their temperament passing rate is higher than the Chihuahua, Border Collie, or Beagle.
They don’t even have the strongest dog bite. As dog bite force statistics by breed reveal, Pit Bulls have one of the weakest bite forces of all breeds — only 235 pounds per square inch (PSI).
14. Dog breed couldn’t be identified as one of the factors in 80% of the cases of dog bites, as dog breed bite statistics show.
(National Canine Research Council)
In fact, breeds are used primarily for media coverage, but not necessarily as a confirmed fact. In only just over 18% of the cases was it possible to make a valid determination if the dog was of any particular breed.
15. Kangal is the breed with the strongest dog bite force of 743 PSI.
(Inside Dogs World)
Bandog Dog has the second strongest bite force (730 PSI), followed by the Cane Corso (700 PSI), and Dogue de Bordeaux (556 PSI).
For comparison, the Rottweiler has a bite force of a mere 328 PSI, while an average human has a bite force of 120–140 PSI.
Global Dog Attack Statistics
With over 900 million dogs around the globe, incidents are bound to happen. Yes, dog attacks are scary, but luckily, only a small number of them end with serious consequences.
16. Tens of millions of dog bites occur around the world every year.
Unfortunately, there are no global estimates for dog breeds attack statistics. But one thing is sure — children are at a higher risk of being bitten than adults. In the middle and low-income countries, dog bites account for 76–94% of overall animal bites.
17. On average, there are 1–2 deaths caused by dog bite-related injuries in Canada every year.
(ResearchGate, Chicobandido, Faunalytics)
The Canadian Veterinary Journal has recently published the dog bite statistics for Canada for the period from 1990–2007. The data reveals that, during this time, there were only 28 fatalities caused by dog bite injuries.
The research didn’t specify if Pit Bulls were responsible for these attacks, but Toronto had banned the breed in 2005.
The 2010 data showed that there were 28.2% fewer dog bites compared to 2005, and the number of Pit Bull bites has declined by 92% since 2002.
18. Australian dog attack statistics by breed reveal that 13,000 people need medical care for dog-related injuries every year.
Children younger than five are at the highest risk. They’re often bitten on the neck or face.
These attacks are the most common with fighting breeds, such as the American Pit Bull Terrier, the Japanese Tosa, the Dogo Argentino, and the Fila Brasileiro — Brazillian fighting dog. All these breeds are banned by the NSW government.
However, dog bite statistics by breed from 2020 show that the other breeds are responsible for 75% of attacks.
19. There has been a 5% increase in dog bite-related hospital visits in the UK between 2015–2018.
(Royal College of Surgeons)
The research also shows there are approximately 7,693 hospital admissions every year. This totaled to 23,078 admissions between 2015–2018.
One of the possible reasons for this increase is that people may have become more aware that medical professionals should check their injuries, as per dog bite statistics by breed for the UK.
20. People between 50–59 were the most commonly attacked age group in the UK in 2020.
There were 1,433 hospital admissions for people of this age group who were attacked or bitten by a dog.
People aged 40–49 were the second-most attacked age group with 1,181 hospital admissions, and 1,178 hospital admissions for children aged nine and younger.
However, there were only 443 hospital admissions for those aged 80 and older.
Getting Rabies: Dog Bite Facts and Figures
Rabies are a scary infectious disease that almost always has fatal consequences. As scary as it sounds, it’s easily preventable with a vaccine.
21. Dogs are responsible for 99% of the rabies cases.
Antarctica is the only continent that’s rabies-free, while 95% of rabies-related deaths occur in Asia and Africa. The most common victims are children between the ages of five and 14.
Luckily, more than 29 million people around the world received a post-bite vaccination that prevented millions of fatalities.
22. Every year, 59,000 people around the world die from rabies.
Rabies statistics by state and country reveal that dog-related rabies was reported in only eight Latin American countries and the Caribbean in the period between 2013 and 2016.
Approximately 59.9% of the global deaths caused by rabies occur in India, and 35% in Asia. Moreover, there are 21,476 rabies-related deaths in Africa, 1,875 in Central Asia, and 229 in the Middle East every year.
However, the Center for Disease Control dog bite statistics show that the disease has been eliminated from the USA.
It’s also eliminated from Canada, Westen Europe, Japan, and some Latin American countries, while Australia and some Pacific islands have always been rabies-free.
23. Rabies isn’t a problem in areas where 70% of dogs are vaccinated.
Research has proven that rabies can be successfully controlled to avoid fatalities. However, rabies control efforts have to be sustained even after a sufficient level of dog vaccination is reached.
24. What breed of dog bites the most often?
According to the latest findings, we don’t know which breed bites the most.
However, Pit Bulls are high on the list, followed by mixed breeds, the German Shepherd Dog, Terriers, and the Rottweiler.
Moreover, the breeds that are the least likely to attack or bite are the Dalmatian, Pointer, Great Dane, Pekingese, and Spitz.
25. What breed of dog has killed the most humans?
When it comes to dog attacks by breed, the Pit Bull is responsible for the highest number of them in the US. Pit bulls have killed 248 people over 13 years, and the Rottweiler comes in second place with 45 recorded fatalities for the same period.
The German Shepherd is also responsible for inflicting 20 fatal injuries. And even some breeds that aren’t considered to be aggressive have killed people. For example, the Labrador Retriever is responsible for nine deaths.
26. What happens to a dog if they bite a human?
In some cases, it’s possible to put down a dog that has bitten someone. But those cases are sporadic. Usually, only dogs with a history of aggression and biting are put down. Though it’s important to note that with proper training and attention aggression can be reversed.
However, every city, county, country, and state may have its own rules when it comes to handling dogs that bit someone.
27. Are Pitbulls statistically more dangerous?
Pit Bulls can be dangerous, just like any other dog breed. It all depends on their history, upbringing, and temperament.
Even though this breed has a very bad reputation, statistically, it’s calmer than the Chihuahua, since it has an 87.6% temperament passing rate.
28. How do you handle a dog that bites?
As we mentioned — dogs bite for a reason. They may bite to defend themselves, their territory, a member of their pack, or their puppies. Dogs that are startled, injured, ill, molested, and abused may also bite.
There are several solutions to this problem, and they include training and socializing, i.e., letting the dog interact with people, children, and other dogs. Taking care of the dog’s health and regularly vaccinating it may also help.
29. Are dogs playing or fighting?
Dog play could seem very aggressive to humans, but there are ways to differentiate between playing and fighting.
If the dog is acting silly, has an open-mouthed grin, performs the play bow, growls, falls voluntarily, and comes back for more — it’s just playing.
However, as dog bite statistics reveal, if the dog’s body is stiff, its hairs are raised, and it has a closed mouth and curled lip, the dog is ready for a fight.
Additionally, low growls, quick and efficient moves, and flat pinned ears are also signs that there might be a fight.
Recognizing these signs is crucial for stopping a fight before it happens. However, if your dog gets into a fight, don’t try to separate them by grabbing their collars, or you may get bitten. Instead, try to distract the dogs with a loud noise.
30. Can an aggressive dog be cured?
Aggression in dogs can be cured. But you will need lots of patience, time, consistency, and probably some help from a professional who will determine the cause of the behavior and make a plan for managing it.
Moreover, your veterinarian could run some tests to see whether there’s a medical problem. The important thing is to avoid punishment since it may backfire and shower your pup with love.
The Bottom Line
We hope that this list of dog bite statistics has shown you that dog bites aren’t that common, and the reasons that may lead to a dog attack make this image much less frightening.
There are indeed some breeds that are more aggressive than others, but it’s not the dog that bites, it’s their history and behavior. You have to be aware that, while a dog might be aggressive, that’s no reason to be afraid of an entire breed.