Some dogs have unique looks that set them apart from other canines. One of those are blue-eyed dogs, this eye color being a rarity across the species.
If you’re a dog lover with a soft spot for these strikingly gorgeous animals, you’ll want to check out this list of rare dogs with blue eyes. From Australian shepherds to pit bulls, one things is certain—these furry friends will enchant and amaze you.
What Breed of Dogs Have Blue Eyes
If you are considering getting a blue-eyed dog, there are many breeds to choose from. We will list some of the most popular breeds here. Some of these breeds have the gene naturally, while others are mixed but got it from their parents, and most importantly–all of them are cute.
1. Siberian Husky
Out of all dog breeds in the world, the Siberian husky is the most well-known for its striking blue eyes. While not all huskies have blue eyes (some have brown or even a mix of colors), it’s still a defining feature of the breed. But why do they have blue eyes in the first place?
In most cases, blue eyes in dogs are caused by a recessive gene (ALX4). The mutation of the ALX4 gene in Siberian huskies causes decreased pigment production in the eye, resulting in blue color.
Huskies are very active and love to run and play. Because of their high energy levels, they need a lot of exercises. If they don’t get enough, they can become bored. They can also be a bit loud, so it’s definitely ideal if they live in a house with a backyard rather than an apartment.
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2. Australian Shepherd
If you’re looking for an energetic dog with unique appearance, then the Australian shepherd is the breed for you. But what makes this dog so memorable? One of the things that set them apart is their blue eyes.
Though not all Australian shepherds have blue eyes, it is one of their most distinguishing features. However it’s not just their looks that sets them apart—these dogs are also known for being intelligent and devoted to their families.
They’re active, and need a lot of exercise, but very easy to train as well. This makes them an excellent choice for loving families with children or other pets. In addition to their distinct looks, they have a medium-length coat that can be harsh to the touch.
Another beauty among the blue-eyed dog breeds is the Weimaraner. This dog is sometimes called the “gray ghost” because of its beautiful gray coat. Though they don’t have blue eyes at birth, their irises start to change color at around three to four weeks old.
This dog was first seen in the early 1800s in Germany, where it was used as a hunting dog. Weimaraners make great family pets nowadays—they’re obedient, friendly, and intelligent.
One thing to keep in mind if you’re considering getting a Weimaraner is that they require a lot of exercises—at least two hours a day. They also need plenty of space to run around, so an apartment isn’t the ideal home for this breed. They make excellent companions if you give them the necessary activity and attention.
4. Border Collie
When talking about intelligent dog breeds, the border collie is always at the top of the list. They are known for their high energy, herding instincts, and obedience. But one characteristic that sets them apart from other breeds even more is their blue eyes. Blue eyes are typical for the ones that are merle-coated.
Their coat needs maintenance from time to time, but other than that, they are a relatively low-maintenance breed. They’re also one of the healthiest ones, with minimal health issues throughout their life compared to other types of dogs.
The border collie is a medium-sized dog, and it can weigh anywhere from 30 to 50 pounds. They have a lifespan of around 12 to 17 years.
Since they’re very energetic, consider keeping them in a yard with a fence if you have one. If not, long walks are a must.
5. Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Halfway through this list of dog breeds with blue eyes is the Cardigan Welsh corgi. They’re recognizable thanks to their short legs, long bodies, and long pointed ears. Like most blue-eyed canines, their eye color is determined by the merle pigmentation on their coat, mainly blue merle.
Cardigans are great for families. They are loyal and love to play. They are also energetic and happy, which makes them perfect for walks or playing fetch in the backyard. The dogs can grow attached to their family, so it’s important to socialize with them early on.
Cardigans stand about 10–12 inches tall and weigh 25–38 pounds. They have a life expectancy of 12–15 years.
Tip: Be careful with Cardigan Welsh corgis around stairs, as their short legs make it difficult for them to navigate correctly.
6. Great Dane
They call this breed “the gentle giant” for a reason: the Great Dane is one of the tallest dog breeds. But these pups aren’t just gentle and large—they’re also absolutely stunning.
Most Great Dane puppies are born with brown eyes. Around two weeks after they’re born, though, their eye color will start to change. The blue color stays with the dapple-coated and merle-coated Great Danes.
Since Danes are one of the biggest breeds, it’s important to start obedience training while they’re still small dogs. They can also be quite stubborn sometimes, so always keep treats nearby during training sessions. Although Danes gets along well with children, their size makes it better suited for houses with older kids.
If you are looking for small blue-eyed dogs, this one is for you. Dachshunds are a breed of dog characterized by their long, slender bodies, and short legs. They are often referred to as “weiner dogs” for their shape. Dachshunds come in various colors, including black, tan, and brown. Some (but not all) dachshunds have blue eyes.
Dachshunds can have either long or short hair. They typically have chocolate brown eyes, but in very rare cases, they can have blue eyes if they possess the merle or dappled gene. Heterochromia is also common with them.
As pets, dachshunds are playful and energetic, but can also be stubborn and willful. They are intelligent dogs that require firm training. Dachshunds are generally good with children, but they may try to chase smaller animals such as badgers or rabbits.
We’re all familiar with this breed’s black-and-white spotted coat, but did you know Dalmatians are born entirely white? They begin to develop their spots as they grow older. In addition to their distinctive coat, some Dalmatians also have blue eyes.
Unfortunately, many blue-eyed Dalmatians are also deaf. The reason for hearing loss is unknown, but it seems to be genetically linked to eye color.
When picking out Dalmatians, make sure to put this into consideration. Nevertheless, responsible breeders won’t purposely produce dogs with this trait.
9. Alaskan Klee Kai
This mini-husky breed can range in eye color from dark brown to blue—sometimes even one of each, giving them a remarkable look. This is because the Alaskan klee kai carries a gene for blue eyes, which is incompletely dominant over the gene for brown eyes.
Though they resemble Alaskan and Siberian huskies, these breeds were used as foundation stock for the smaller versions, weighing only 10–20 pounds. Because of their size, they serve best as companions instead of working dogs.
If you trained well, this dog breed can bolt through an agility course quickly and precisely. However, it’s just as essential to socialize them frequently so they become more comfortable around people they don’t know.
10. Pit Bull
Although the AKC doesn’t recognize Pit Bulls as a separate breed, they’re one of the most recognizable type of dogs.
Typically known for its loyalty, strength, and resilience, the pit bull can be bred in many different shapes and sizes. One thing that some pit bulls have in common, however, is their blue eyes.
According to the experts, blue eyes are caused by a genetic mutation, and while they may be beautiful to look at, blue-eyed dogs are more prone to eye problems. If you’re considering adding a blue-eyed pit bull to your family, make sure you’re prepared for regular vet visits and some extra care.
Besides that, pit bulls are a high-energy breed with a strong personality, so they require an active owner who can lead. That said, positive reinforcement is a must, as pit bulls may look tough, but they’re extremely good-natured.
These are a few of the dog breeds that have blue eyes. While the blue color is mostly caused by a lack of pigment in the iris, it’s still an attractive trait many dog owners find appealing. If you are considering getting a dog with blue eyes, research the breed thoroughly to ensure they are the right fit for you and your lifestyle.
What Causes Blue Eyes in Some Dogs
While blue eyes may be striking, they can also cause health problems for your pup. Here’s what you need to know about blue-eyed dogs.
The cause of blue eyes in dogs is a lack of pigment. Eye color is a result of an accumulation of melanin in the iris—when there is less melanin in the iris, it appears blue. This can happen for a variety of reasons, including genetics or a disease.
Health problems commonly affecting dogs with blue eyes include hearing loss, skin pigment loss (albinism), and lack of vision. While these problems can be serious, they don’t necessarily mean your blue-eyed dog will be unhealthy. Most dogs with blue eyes live long and happy lives with proper care and treatment.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What kind of dog has blue eyes?
While it is not common, blue-eyed dog breeds do exist. Some well-known breeds with blue eyes include the Siberian husky, Alaskan Malamute, Cardigan Welsh corgi, and border collies.
Do dogs with blue eyes have problems?
It’s not so much that dogs with blue eyes have problems, but rather that dogs with blue eyes are more prone to certain genetic health conditions. Blue-eyed dogs’ most common health problems include blindness, deafness, and albinism.
Do dogs with blue eyes see differently?
Dogs with blue eyes may be more prone to certain vision defects, such as blindness and light sensitivity. These problems can affect a dog’s quality of life, so it’s important to be aware of them if you’re considering adopting a blue-eyed pup.
Dogs with blue eyes are a rarity, but they sure are beautiful. If you can overlook the potential health issues, these pups are just as loving as any other. If you’re lucky enough to have one of these special dogs in your life, give them lots of love and care. They’ll make your life brighter without a doubt!